Extraction of Lead through Supported Liquid Membrane Using Triethanolamine/Cyclohexanone Carrier and Na2SO4 strippant
1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan
2 Department Of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islambad, 54000, Pakistan
Supported liquid membranes (SLM) have proved to be effective not only for removing but also for recovery of heavy metals from waste water. This work includes the study of separation and transport of Pb+2 ions through liquid membrane based on triethanolamine (TEA) in cyclohexanone supported in microporous polypropylene films. Therefore, this study aims to optimize the conditions for moving the Pb+2 ions against the concentration gradient, characterize the membrane by flux measurements, for their use in various industrial plants design to recover these ions. The effect of lead ion concentration, HNO3 in feed and TEA concentration in membrane has been studied. Optimized condition of transport of this metal ion is 1.0 M acid concentration in the feed phase and 0.1M Na2SO4 as the strippant when TEA concentration is 5.25 mol/dm3 in the membrane, as the rationale of this study is to optimize the condition for the movement of lead ions from feed phase to strip phase and to recover metal ions from any industrial effluent and finally to characterize the membrane by determining the mobility and permeability of the complexed heavy metal ion to extract their respective metal ions.
Key words: Heavy metal / Lead extraction / Supported Liquid Membrane / Triethanolamine / Cyclohexanon
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.