Trend and seasonal variation of atmospheric mercury concentrations at the Cape Point GAW observatory, South Africa
1 South African Weather Service c/o CSIR, P.O. Box 320, Stellenbosch 7599, SOUTH AFRICA
2 Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institute of Coastal Research, Max-Planck-Strasse, D-21502 Geesthacht, GERMANY
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, P.O.Box 3060, D-55020 Mainz, GERMANY
Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) has been measured at the WMO Global Atmospheric Watch station at Cape Point, South Africa since September 1995. Two techniques were used: a low resolution manual technique till the end of 2004 and a high resolution automated technique since March 2007. The GEM measurements at Cape Point constitute only one component of the GAW monitoring program consisting of continuous measurements of CO, CH4, CO2, O3, N2O, and since March 1999 also of 222Rn. The seasonality and trend of GEM concentrations from the low resolution data was analyzed by Slemr et al. (2008) and the trend of the combined low and high resolution data until the end of 2009 by Slemr et al. (2011). In this paper we will present an updated analysis of the trend and seasonality of GEM data until the end of 2011 and compare these to measurements made at Troll, a Norwegian research station in Antarctica (Pfaffhuber et al., 2012).
Key words: Heavy metals / mercury / emission / deposition / flux / terrestrial surface
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