Trace mercury determination in drinking and natural water after preconcentration and separation by DLLME-SFO method coupled with cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry
1 Department of Environmental Chemistry, Islamic Azad University Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Iran
2 Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
A novel dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic drop (DLLME-SFO) for simultaneous separation/preconcentration of ultra trace amounts of mercury was used. A method based on amalgamation was used for collection of gaseous mercury on gold coated sand (Gold trap). The concentration of mercury was determined by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CV-AAS). The DLLME-SFO behavior of mercury by using dithizone as complexing agent was systematically investigated. The factors influencing, the complex formation and extraction of DLLME-SFO method such as type and volume of extraction and disperser solvents, pH, concentration of salt, centrifuging time and concentration of the chelating agent were optimized. The method was successfully applied to the determination of mercury in drinking and natural water and satisfactory relative recoveries (95–105%) were achieved. The proposed procedure was based on very low consumption of organic solvents. The other benefits of the system were sensitive, simple, friendly to the environment, rejection of matrix constituent, low cost, the time consuming and high enrichment factor.
Key words: mercury / Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic drop (DLLME-SFO) / Dithizone / Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CV-AAS)
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
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