Immobilization of zinc from metallurgical waste and water solutions using geopolymerization technology
1 Faculty of Metallurgy and Technology, University of Montenegro, Džordža Vašingtona bb, 81000 Podgorica, MONTENEGRO
2 Institute of public health, Džona Džeksona bb, 81000 Podgorica, MONTENEGRO
3 Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Karnegijeva 4, 11120 Belgrade, SERBIA
Geopolymeraization technology is recognized as a promising method for immobilization of heavy metals by the stabilization or solidification process. This process involves the chemical reaction of alumino-silicate oxides with highly alkaline activator yielding the new material with amorphous or semi-amorphous structure, called geopolymer. Fly ash and blast furnace slag were mainly used as a raw material for geopolymerization process. In this paper we have investigated the possibility of immobilization of Zn from electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) through geopolymerization of fly ash and possibility of Zn2+ adsorption from waste waters using fly ash based geopolymers. Efficacy of Zn immobilization from electric arc furnace dust was evaluated by TCLP test while the immobilization of Zn2+ ions from the water solution was evaluated through the removal efficiency. The results have shown that geopolymerization process may successfully be used for immobilization of Zn by stabilization of EAFD and for production of low cost adsorbent for waste water treatment.
Key words: zinc / geopolymerization / fly ash / adsorption / water solutions / electric arc furnace
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
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