Adsorption of Lead from Aqueous Solution onto Untreated Orange Barks: Equilibrium, Kinetics and Thermodynamics
University of Sciences and Technology Houari-Boumediene, USTHB, Laboratory of Reaction Genius, Faculty of Mechanical and Processes Genius, BP n°32 El Alia bab ezzouar 16111 Algiers, Algeria
Adsorption can be used as a cost effective and efficient technique for the removal of toxic heavy metals from wastewater. Waste materials with no further treatment such as orange barks from commercial oranges may act as adsorbent for the removal of lead. Batch kinetic and equilibrium experiments were conducted to study the effects of contact time, adsorbent dose, initial pH, particle size, initial concentration of lead and temperature. Three adsorption isotherm models namely, Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich were used to analyse the equilibrium data. The Langmuir isotherm which provided the best correlation for Pb2+ adsorption onto orange barks shows that the adsorption was favourable and the maximum adsorption capacity found was equal to 112.359 mg.g-1. Thermodynamic parameters were evaluated and the adsorption was exothermic. The equilibrium was achieved less than 30 min. The adsorption kinetic data was fitted with first and second order kinetic models. Finally it was concluded that the lead adsorption kinetic onto orange barks was well fitted by second order kinetic model rather than first order model. The results suggest that orange barks have high possibility to be used as effective and economical adsorbent for Pb2+ removal.
Key words: Lead / Adsorption / Kinetic study / Thermodynamic study / Equilibrium isotherm
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.