Urban Issues and Sustainability
POLITECNICO DI TORINO, Dipartimento Interateneo di Scienze, Progetto e Politiche del Territorio, Castello del Valentino, viale Mattioli 39 - 10125 Torino, Italy
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This paper’s focus is to reflect on the global growth of urban areas, according to number and size of inhabitants and also according to the environmental, social, cultural and economic impact of this phenomenon. If city growth is an issue which addresses mainly developing countries such as China, India or the states in South America, the features acquired by urbanisation in the OCSE countries, currently undergoing economic and demographic contraction, lead towards a territorial dispersion of the built up areas with serious consequences especially in terms of soil use, pollution and loss of site identity. Thus, the solutions proposed by the various national and supranational programmes intended to guide global urbanisation to a greater sustainability must be differentiated between countries with fully developed economies from those whose economy is currently on the rise, and must also actively involve the local communities.
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