Fuel Quality: Challenges to the Sustainable Development of Automobile Transport and Approach to Solution
1 Research and Educational Centre ENGEC, Ural Federal University, 620002, Yekaterinburg, Russia
2 Department of Oil and Gas Processing, Tyumen Industrial University, 625000, Tyumen, Russia
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The current obstacles to the sustainable development of the vehicle fleet present one of the most serious and complex challenges for technogenic civilization in view of the consumption of rapidly depleting oil and gas resources and the increasing emissions of the products of fuel combustion. The aim of this paper is to study and discuss the impact patterns of the quality of fuel on the environmental and performance characteristics of vehicles and to develop an approach towards improving the quality of fuel as a means of increasing the sustainability of vehicles. The patterns of influence of the chemical composition of the fuel on the temperature conditions in the engine, the emissions of toxic substances and carbon dioxide from the fuel’s combustion, the toxicity of the gasoline vapor, carbonization, fuel consumption, engine power and the requirements for a gasoline octane rating have been identified. The use of a fuel additive has been proposed which improves fuel injection in the engines and excludes tarry deposits in the fuel system through the effective detergency and catalyzes the gasification reactions in the engine. The developed fuel additive was shown to have a positive effect by significantly reducing fuel consumption and toxic emissions and improving the performance of vehicles.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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