Model of Eco-Industrial Park Development as a Tool for Fostering Energy Efficient Economy
Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, 620002, Yekaterinburg, Russia
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Energy efficiency plays a key role in the development of modern socio-economic systems, such as cities. Energy efficiency can be achieved through creation and development of eco-industrial parks. This article describes the concept of such parks and their peculiar characteristics and provides an overview of research literature on their development, energy efficiency and competitiveness of their resident enterprises. Performance of eco-industrial parks can be evaluated by applying a set of indicators, which demonstrate the competitiveness of park residents. This system of indicators can be used to model the management of eco-industrial park development. This article also describes a methodological approach to evaluate competitiveness of resident enterprises: the integral index of competitiveness, which synthesizes their current and prospective competitiveness. Comparative analysis (conducted by applying ‘PATTERN’ method, Planning Assistance Through Technical Evaluation of Relevance Numbers) also takes into account specific indicators of residents' competitiveness. This research uses the methods of static modelling to create an algorithm for building a model which establishes the correlation between the indicators of the park’s performance and the level of its residents' competitiveness. The proposed model was applied to develop a program of management for eco-industrial park ‘Tagil’.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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