Analytic Back Calculation of Debris Flow Damage Incurred to a Masonry Building: The Case of Scaletta Zanclea 2009 Event
1 Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture, University of Naples “Federico II”, Naples, Italy
2 Department of Civil, Computer, Construction, Environmental Engineering and Applied Mathematics, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In an attempt to do a back analysis of the damages caused to a nineteenth century masonry structure due to the October 2009 flash flood/debris flow event in Scaletta Zanclea, the flood discharge hydrograph is reconstructed in the ungauged conditions. The hydrograph for the solid discharge is then estimated by scaling up the liquid volume to the estimated debris volume. The debris flow diffusion is simulated by solving the differential equations for a single-phase 2D flow employing triangular mesh elements, taking into account also the channelling of the flow through the buildings. The damage to the building is modelled, based on the maximum hydraulic actions caused by the debris flow, using 2D finite shell elements to model the building, boundary conditions provided by the openings, floor slab, orthogonal wall panels, and the foundation. The reconstruction of the event and the damages to the case-study building confirms the location of the damages induced by the event.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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