Stochastic rainfall fields time-series for probabilistic flood hazard assessment
Irstea, Hydrology-Hydraulics Research Unit, Centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, 5 rue de la Doua, BP 32108, 69616 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Probabilistic flood hazard assessment are usually carried out through juxtaposed reach-wise hydraulic simulations, using as input “representative” hydrographs for the studied return periods - at least by their peak discharge. However, reach-wise approaches have drawbacks, especially in the presence of natural or man-made singularities. An approach based on continuous simulation is developed to better assess flood hazard at the scale of the catchment and of the flood regime. A stochastic rainfall fields generator yields continuous times series, thus keeping the variability of the rainfall fields. Catchment-wise rainfall-runoff modelling, completed when necessary by a hydraulic model, allows to reproduce the individual and combined response of each feature to a heterogeneous rainfall event. The current CPU performances allow to process long rainfall time-series, but the codes have to be adapted to deal with unusually long input and output files. Local flood quantiles are then derived from discharge time-series, and flooding probability can be derived from local inundation frequency. This approach can be used in all contexts, urban floods or catchment-scale management; the modules have just to be chosen accordingly. This approach offers many perspectives, and in particular to better estimate local expected annual damages using damages time-series and multivariate damage curves.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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