Application of an Earth-Observation-based building exposure mapping tool for flood damage assessment
1 Institute for Advanced Study of Pavia, Palazzo del Broletto, Piazza della Vittoria, 15, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
2 CIMA Research Foundation, Via Armando Magliotto, 2, I-17100 Savona, Italy
3 Dept. ECBE, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata, 1, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Detection and characterization of territorial elements exposed to flood is a key component for flood risk analysis. Land-use description works well for small scales of representation but it becomes too coarse while increasing the scale. “Single-element” characterization is usually achieved through surveys, which become prohibitive as the amount of elements to be characterized increases. Mapping schemes represent a compromise between level of description and efforts for data collection. The basic idea is to determine the statistical distribution of building characteristics inside a homogeneous class starting from a sample area and to apply this distribution to the whole area, realizing a statistical extrapolation. An innovative approach was developed, merging the mapping scheme methodologies developed by the Global Earthquake Model  and Blanco–Vogt and Schanze , in which homogeneous classes are not development areas but building clusters. The approach was applied to the buildings in the Bisagno River floodplain, Genoa (Italy). Buildings were classified according to a building taxonomy. Once the percentage of basement presence was assigned to each class by surveying a limited subset of the exposed assets, a series of possible basement distributions was simulated to calculate the corresponding damage distributions for a real flood event. The total average damage obtained is very close to the refund claims, with a percentage error lower than 2%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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