CRAF Phase 1, a framework to identify coastal hotspots to storm impacts
1 CIMA-FCT, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal
2 Middlesex University London, Flood Hazard Research Centre, UK
3 Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, BarcelonaTech, Spain
4 IMDC, Antwerp, Belgium
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Low-frequency high-impact storms can cause flood and erosion over large coastal areas, which in turn can lead to a significant risk to coastal occupation, producing devastation and immobilising cities and even countries. It is therefore paramount to evaluate risk along the coast at a regional scale through the identification of storm impact hotspots. The Coastal Risk Assessment Framework Phase 1 (CRAF1) is a screening process based on a coastal-index approach that assesses the potential exposure of every kilometre along the coast to previously identified hazards. CRAF1 integrates both hazard (e.g. overwash, erosion) and exposure indicators to create a final Coastal Index (CI). The application of CRAF1 at two contrasting case studies (Ria Formosa, Portugal and the Belgian coast), validated against existing information, demonstrates the utility and reliability of this framework on the identification of hotspots. CRAF1 represents a powerful and useful instrument for coastal managers and/or end-users to identify and rank potential hotspot areas in order to define priorities and support disaster reduction plans.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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