Tidal River Management (TRM) and Tidal Basin Management (TBM): A case study on Bangladesh
1 Ph. D. Student, Dept. of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Kyoto University (Shimomisu, Yoko-oji, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-8235, Japan)
2 Professor, Dept. of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Kyoto University (Shimomisu, Yoko-oji, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-8235, Japan)
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bangladesh is the biggest delta of the world. Construction of numbers of polders is one of the flood resilient approach. But the presence of coastal polders de-linked the flood plain. The siltation in river causes riverbeds to become higher than the adjacent crop lands, and vast area under the polders became permanently water logged rendering large tract of land uncultivable. The current practice is temporarily de-poldering by cutting embankment. This is a natural water management process with very little human interventions but it needs strong participation and consensus with a great deal of sacrifice by the stakeholders for a specific period (3 to 5 years or even more). An attempt has been made to study the phenomena of tidal basin management reviewing some secondary data and processes involved in successfully operated tidal basins of Bangladesh. And preliminary laboratory experiments are carried out to precisely look into the suspended sediment transport. With varying outflow discharge and sediment supply, the transport processes are investigated. 3D sediment transport model developed using openFOAM has good agreement with experimental result and can be used to better understand effectiveness of tidal basin management.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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