Flood hazard mitigation by actions in the hillslopes: does the context change the assessment of efficiency?
1 École Nationale Polytechnique, Laboratoire de Recherches Sciences de l’Eau, 10 avenue H. Badi BP 182 Harrach, Algiers, Algeria
2 Irstea, Hydrology-Hydraulics Research Unit, 5 rue de la Doua CS 70077, 69626 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
a Corresponding author: Christine.email@example.com
For sustainable and integrated flood management, small actions in the hillslopes and non-structural measures appear interesting, either to diminish the need for large flood mitigation infrastructures (whether sewerage networks or hydraulic structures in the river – which may have severe impact on the river ecosystems), or as complementary to these structures. However, the effect on flood mitigation of land-use modification and small storage or runoff control facilities is still debated in scientific literature. The effect of various structures spread over the catchment is difficult to assess, and hazardous to generalize from one studied catchment to another, which explains why the debate is still open. This study contributes to identify context features that could also explain constrasting results. Focusing on a West-Mediterranean Northern and Southern countries literature, we compare first traditionnal and modern hillslope actions against runoff in both countries. Then, we search in the physical contexts differences that might explain why actions in the hillslopes are more studied in Europe than in Maghreb. But the priorities of national or regional policies also explain differences in the perception of efficiency: the interest of hillslope actions is different if the aim is to limit erosion and pollutant transfer and/or to mitigate large floods. Pollution and how ecological status is taken into account in flood mitigation project assessment are also crucial points.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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