Neural networks-based operational prototype for flash flood forecasting: application to Liane flash floods (France)
1 Ecole des Mines d’Alès, 6 av de Clavières, 30319 Alès Cedex, France
2 GEONOSIS, 650 chemin du Serre, 30140 St Jean du Pin, France
3 DREAL Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Cellule prévision des crues, 44 rue de Tournai CS 40259, 59019 Lille Cedex, France
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
The Liane River is a small costal river, famous for its floods, which can affect the city of Boulogne-sur-Mer. Due to the complexity of land cover and hydrologic processes, a black-box non-linear modelling was chosen using neural networks. The multilayer perceptron model, known for its property of universal approximation is thus chosen. Four models were designed, each one for one forecasting horizon using rainfall forecasts: 24h, 12h, 6h, 3h. The desired output of the model is original: it represents the maximal value of the water level respectively 24h, 12h, 6h, 3h ahead. Working with best forecasts of rain (the observed ones during the event in the past), on the major flood of the database in test set, the model provides excellent forecasts. Nash criteria calculated for the four lead times are 0.98 (3h), 0.97 (6h), 0.91 (12h), 0.89 (24h). Designed models were thus estimated as efficient enough to be implemented in a specific tool devoted to real time operational use. The software tool is described hereafter: designed in Java, it presents a friendly interface allowing applying various scenarios of future rainfalls, and a graphical visualization of the predicted maximum water levels and their associated real time observed values.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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