Comparison of evacuation methods used in the Netherlands and the USACE Dam and Levee Safety Programs for the Natomas Basin (CA)
1 HKV Consultants, Botter 11-29, 8232 JN Lelystad, Netherlands
2 Delft University of Technology, Delft Safety & Security Institute, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft
3 Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft
4 US Army Corps of Engineers, 609 2nd Street, Davis, California
a Corresponding author: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Both in the USA and in the Netherlands, extensive studies on approaches for identifying flood risks (the combination of levee failure probabilities and consequences) are ongoing. A related topic concerns evacuation and emergency management (EEM). The magnitude of life loss is directly influenced by the effectiveness of EEM. Different models can be used to define the effectiveness of evacuation. The main objective of this study is to compare Dutch and American methods for evacuation as part of flood risk management strategies for a number of case studies in the US. A second, additional objective is to explore how approaches for EEM that have been recently developed in the Netherlands, can be applied in the United States. This research shows the benefits and limitations for the application of different types of models. This research contributes to the improvement of methods for emergency management, in the Netherlands, the US and other countries.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.