Flood risk management and ‘fairness’: aspirations and reality
1 Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University, London, NW4 4BT, United Kingdom
2 OUCE, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, United Kingdom
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Flood risk management in United Kingdom has been going through a process of rapid change in the last decade or so, no doubt spurred on by a series of very serious floods since the year 2000. These changes affect flood defence and non-structural flood risk management measures alike, and involve a degree of devolution from central government to local communities and regional organisations, as central government seeks to shed responsibilities for policy implementation. This paper discusses three case studies concerning flood defence, property level protection, and flood insurance, set against the framework of “fairness” encapsulated in egalitarian, utilitarian and Rawlsian approaches to social justice. The results show a different pattern in each area, with flood defence moving somewhat towards a Rawlsian approach, but flood insurance and property level protection showing signs of both inefficiency and poor penetration, respectively, particularly with regard to low income residents, especially those in social housing.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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