Stability of green tea nanoscale zero-valent iron
1 Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Mining and Geology, 44-100 Gliwice ul. Akademicka 2, Poland
2 Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, 44-100 Gliwice ul. Strzody 7, Poland
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Colloidal suspension of nano zero-valent iron (nZVI), obtained as a result of mixing green tea (GT) solution with iron solutions (FeCl2 and FeSO4 separately to form two suspensions: GT-nZVIFeCl2 and GT-nZVIFeSO4) was assessed in terms of stability. The particles of suspensions had a tendency rapidly aggregation to form larger aggregates, and then settled. The absolute value of zeta potential (ζ) of suspensions did not exceed 17 mV. To prevent the aggregation of nZVI particles, the pHs were changed by the addition of Na2CO3 to obtain higher values of ζ. For both suspensions, the zeta potential at a satisfactory level was obtained at pH values higher than 7.5. Then, the potential was lower than −40 mV for GT-nZVIFeCl2 and lower than −25mV for GT-nZVIFeSO4. This means that the first suspension had a better stability than second. The isoelectric point (IEP) of GT-nZVIFeCl2 was in the range from 4.5 to 5, while in the case of GT-nZVIFeSO4 all measured ζ were negative. To investigate the effect of increased ionic strength (IS) on the stability of suspensions at different pH values, NaCl and MgSO4 were added to the irons solutions. The final IS in the GT-nZVI was 12 mM. In both of the suspensions the absolute values of ζ were lower than previous and were about 25 and 20 mV, for GT-nZVIFeCl2 and GT-nZVIFeSO4, respectively.
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