Effect of particle size on the measurement of the apparent contact angle in sand of varying wettability under air-dried conditions
The University of Hong Kong (HKU) Pokfulam, Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Changes in the wettability of soil are known to affect several processes such as infiltration and the shear strength of soil. In this study, the wettability of a medium to fine sand was chemically modified by using different concentrations of dimethyldichlorosilane (DMDCS). The sessile drop method (SDM) was used for the assessment of wettability of hydrophobised Leighton Buzzard Sand (LBS). The results demonstrate that beyond a concentration of 2 g per kg of LBS, the finer fraction had its apparent contact angle (ACA) increased up to 115° while the maximum ACA attained by the coarser fractions was 100°. At such high concentration of DMDCS, the effect of trapped air, which is known to increase the ACA, was found to be either small or insignificant. The standard deviations of the ACAs agreed well with past studies. The most important factors contributing to the water-repellent behaviour of chemically synthesised sand were attributed to the characteristics of the particles; these include surface area and particle shape.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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