Stress path during pressuremeter test and link between shear modulus and Menard pressuremeter modulus in unsaturated fine soils
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This paper presents the stress path before and during a pressumeter test using a Modified Cam-Clay model. This model have been used for unsaturated clay with continuous water phase (D2 domain according to Boutonnier 2007) and for silty to clayey soils with discontinuous water phase (D1 domain – ibid.). After reminding the stress distribution around a pressuremeter cell and the meaning of the Menard pressuremeter modulus which is linked to the soil shear modulus, we explain the stress state during pressuremeter modulus measurement. Then, we show that this stress path diagram can be used to explain classical observations made using Menard pressuremeter tests in continental area and typically:
Measurement of high ratio “Menard pressuremeter modulus / pressuremeter limit pressure” in clay subjected to drought.
Limit pressure and Ménard pressuremeter modulus variation with respect to drought in silty clay situated in water-table fluctuation area.
Finally, we will try to show the consequences of these stress paths for performing and interpreting pressuremeter test in unsaturated and collapsible soils.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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