Modelling of coupled heat and moisture flows around a buried electrical cable
Laboratoire d’Energétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée - UMR 7563 CNRS / Université de Lorraine – 2, Rue M. Roubault, TSA 70605, 54501, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
a Corresponding author: Olivier.Cuisinier@ensg.univ-lorraine.fr
The admissible current within a buried electrical power cable is limited by the maximum allowed temperature of the cable (Joule effect). The thermal properties of the surrounding soil controls heat dissipation around the cable. The main focus of the study was to evaluate the coupled heat and moisture flow around such buried electrical cables. The heat dissipation of a buried power cable was simulated in the surrounding soil at unsteady conditions. The hydro-thermal coupling was modelled by taking into account the moisture flow of liquid water and vapour, and the heat flow in the soil by convection and advection. As the thermal vapour diffusion enhancement factor (η) appears to be a key parameter, the sensitivity study of the coupled heat and moisture flow in the ground regarding this parameter was performed. The variations of the degree of saturation and the temperature of the surrounding soil were studied over 180 days of heating. The results showed that the moisture flow was mainly caused by the vapour transport under temperature gradients. These results emphasized the significant effect of the hydrothermal characteristics of surrounding soil. The radius of influence of the power cable was also evaluated.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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