A finite strain elastoplastic constitutive model for unsaturated soils incorporating mechanisms of compaction and hydraulic collapse
Yokohama National University, Tokiwadai 79-5, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Although the deformation of unsaturated soils has usually been described based on simple infinitesimal theory, simulation methods based on the rational framework of finite strain theory are attracting attention especially when solving geotechnical problems such as slope failure induced by heavy rain in which large a deformation is expected. The purpose of this study is to reformulate an existing constitutive model for unsaturated soils (Kikumoto et al., 2010) on the basis of finite strain theory. The proposed model is based on a critical state soil model, modified Cam-clay, implementing a hyperelastic model and a bilogarithmic lnv-lnP’ (v, specific volume; P’, effective mean Kirchhoff stress) relation for a finite strain. The model is incorporated with a soil water characteristic curve based on the van Genuchten model (1990) modified to be able to consider the effect of deformation of solid matrices. The key points of this model in describing the characteristics of unsaturated soils are as follows: (1) the movement of the normal consolidation line in lnv-lnP’ resulted from the degree of saturation (Q, deviatoric Kirchhoff stress), and (2) the effect of specific volume on a water retention curve. Applicability of the model is shown through element simulations of compaction and successive soaking behavior.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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