Stress release and suction generation in the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone
1 Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Navier/CERMES, Marne la Vallée, France
2 Now in LEMTA, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France
3 Andra, Châtenay-Malabry, France
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Stress release effects in a specimen of claystone extracted at great depth (465 m) in the layer of the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone in Eastern France is examined by mimicking the stress change during extraction in the oedometer. To do so, a specimen first submitted to hydration with swelling impeded is afterwards unloaded at constant water content. Comparable mercury intrusion pore size distribution curves are obtained before and after stress release, showing little change in the configuration of inter-platelets pores within the clay matrix of the claystone. The swelling observed at constant water content is then related, to a water transfer from inter-platelets pores to intra-platelets pores, resulting in crystalline swelling within the smectite fraction of the inter-layer illite-smectite minerals.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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