Gasification and pyrolysis of different biomasses in lab scale system: A comparative study
1 Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Power Engineering and Turbomachinery, 44100 Gliwice Konarskiego 20, Poland
2 AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Energy and Fuels 30059, Krakow Mickiewicza 30, Poland
3 University of Messina, Department of Engineering. C.da Di Dio 98166, Messina, Italy
4 Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Material Science and Engineering, 100 44 Stockholm Brinellvägen 23, Sweden
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gasification and pyrolysis are very promising technologies for clean energy production especially from low rank fuels. Biomass and wastes with high chlorine, alkali and even heavy metals content are fuels preferential for thermal utilization. However, several problems during combustion in conventional steam boilers occurs e.g. slagging, fouling, chlorine corrosion, boiler efficiency deterioration. New efficient and cost effective technologies are needed, even in small-scale applications. The main objective of this work was to compare the thermochemical behaviour and process parameters effects of different biomass under air gasification and pyrolysis conditions. Three important fuels for European power industry were selected: woody biomass and two residual biomass, such as oat straw and dried citrus wastes. In order to evaluate the possibility to use different feedstocks or to combine and/or integrate them in thermochemical processes, a comparison among typical and untypical feedstocks is needed. Tests performed on small scale fixed bed reactor show the gas yield, its composition and LHV parameter. The results were performed in Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden during BRISK program (Biofuels Research Infrastructure for Sharing Knowledge).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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