Impact of polyethylene glycol on porosity and microstructure of sand-lime product
1 MSc, Kielce University of Technology, 25-315 Kielce, Poland
2 Dr Eng. Prof. PŚk, Kielce University of Technology, 25-315 Kielce, Poland
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Autoclaved sand-lime products are environment-friendly building materials in the form of bricks and blocks. Due to great interest in silicate products, there have been numerous studies and modifications aimed at improving the properties of the material. The article presents the most important characteristics of sand-lime products, both traditional as well as modified with polyethylene glycol. The purpose of described research was to estimate porosity (determine the type, size and pores distribution) and to analyze the microstructure of aforementioned samples. From the practical point of view, these characteristics are particularly important in the construction materials. The following tests have been carried out: bulk density using the hydrostatic method, capillarity, water absorption and mercury porosimetry of samples containing polyethylene glycol. The samples were also subjected to observation of the microstructure under the scanning electron microscope. Preliminary research findings clearly show the positive influence of the used substrate on the basic properties of modified sand-lime product. In comparison to the reference sample, modified products showed a decrease in water absorption and reduced capillarity. The confrontation of the measurements made using a mercury porosimeter with observation of the microstructure, showed differences in the distribution of pores and their size. Besides the additive, the production process itself has a huge impact on the properties of silicates (mixing process, time and temperature of autoclaving).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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