Spatial corrections for reactivity measurement in lead accelerator driven system
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Energy and Fuels, Department of Nuclear Energy, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
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One of the key areas of the development of Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) are reactivity monitoring techniques. Since the measurement in the future industrial reactor have to be made in the real time applied methods should be accurate, simple and robust. Therefore methods based on point kinetic model are considered. Necessary experimental validation of selected methods was carried out within research project FP7 FREYA using VENUS-F reactor. This paper presents results obtained using the Sjöstrand method and the source multiplication method. Since ADS core behaviour differs from the point kinetics obtained reactivity value depends on the detector position in the system. From the results it is clear that measurement results strongly depend on the position of the detector in the system. For the Sjöstrand method these spatial effects can be successfully corrected using MCNP-calculated correction factors. Those correction factors do not change within the range of reactivity changes covered in the experiments. Spatial effects affecting source multiplication method are more complex and they depend also on neutron flux distribution in the core.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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