Simulation analysis of wastes gasification technologies
1 AGH w Krakowie, al., Mickiewicza 30, 30-060 Kraków
2 Instytut Chemicznej Przeróbki Wegla, ul. Zamkowa 1, Zabrze
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Each year a significant growth in the amount of wastes generated is observed. Due to this fact technologies enabling utilization of wastes are needed. One of the ways to utilizes wastes is thermal conversion. Most widely used technology for thermal conversion is gasification that enables to produce syngas that can be either combusted or directed to further synthesis to produce methanol or liquid fuels. There are several commercially available technologies that enable to gasify wastes. The first part of this study is subjected to general description of waste gasification process. Furthermore the analysis and comparison of commercially available gasification technologies is presented, including their process arrangement, limits and capabilities. Second part of the study is dedicated to the development of thermodynamic model for waste gasification. The model includes three zones of gasification reactors: drying, gasification and eventually ash melting. Modified Gibbs minimization method is used to simulate gasification process. The model is capable of predicting final gas composition as a function of temperature or equivalence ratio. Calculations are performed for a specified average wastes composition and different equivalence ratios of air to discuss its influence on the performance of gasification (temperature of the process and gas composition). Finally the model enables to calculate total energy balance of the process as well as gasification and final gas temperature.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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