Open Access
E3S Web of Conferences
Volume 1, 2013
Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment
Article Number 14003
Number of page(s) 4
Section Emerging Elements / Pollutants
Published online 23 April 2013
  1. Bargagli R. Trace elements in terrestrial plants / An ecophysiological approach to biomonitoring and biorecovery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, NY, 1998, 324 p.
  2. Berg T, Steinnes E. Use of mosses (Hylocomium splendens and Pleurozium schreberi) as biomonitors of heavy metal deposition: From relative to absolute deposition values. Environmental Pollution 1997; 98: 61–71. [CrossRef]
  3. Blaser SA, Scheringer M, MacLeod M, Hungerbühler K. Estimation of cumulative aquatic exposure and risk due to silver: Contribution of nano-functionalized plastics and textiles. Science of The Total Environment 2008; 390: 396–409. [CrossRef]
  4. Burkhardt M, Englert A, Iten R, Schärer S. Entsorgung nanosilberhaltiger Abfälle in der Textilindustrie - Massenflüsse und Behandlungsverfahren. Bundesamt für Umwelt (BAFU), Bern, Rapperswil. 2011, 33.
  5. Harmens H, Norris D. Spatial and temporal trends in heavy metal accumulation in mosses in Europe (1990–2005). 2008,
  6. Kaegi R, Voegelin A, Sinnet B, Zuleeg S, Hagendorfer H, Burkhardt M, Siegrist H. Behavior of metallic silver nanoparticles in a pilot wastewater treatment plant. Environmental Science & Technology 2011; in press.
  7. Onianwa PC. Monitoring atmospheric metal pollution: A review of the use of mosses as indicators. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2001; 71: 13–50. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Tessier L, Boisvert JL. Performance of terrestrial bryophytes as biomonitors of atmospheric pollution. A review. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry 1999; 68: 179–220. [CrossRef]
  9. The Silver Institute. World silver survey 2011., 2011, 11.
  10. Thöni L. Testing the Bergerhoff method to determine the bulk deposition loads of 49 elements. Atmospheric Environment 1999; 33: 337–344. [CrossRef]
  11. Thöni L, Schnyder N, Krieg F. Comparison of metal concentrations in three species of mosses and metal freights in bulk precipitations. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 1996; 354: 703–708. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Thöni L, Matthaei D, Seitler E, Bergamini A. Deposition von Luftschadstoffen in der Schweiz. Moosanalysen 1995–2005. Bern. 2008, 150.
  13. Turekian KK, Wedepohl KH. Distribution of the elements in some major units of the Earth’s crust. Geological Society of America Bulletin 1961; 72: 175–192. [CrossRef]
  14. Verband Deutscher Ingenieure. Messung atmosphärischer Deposition, Bestimmung des Staubniederschlags nach der Bergerhoff-Methode; VDI 4320, 2, VDI 2267, 15. 2010,
  15. Wijnhoven S, Peijnenburg W, Herberts C, Hagens W, Oomen A, Heugens E, Roszek B, Bisschops J, Gosens I, Van De Meent D, Dekkers S, De Jong W, van Zijverden M, Sips A, Geertsma R. Nano-silver – a review of available data and knowledge gaps in human and environmental risk assessment. Nanotoxicology 2009; 3: 109–138. [CrossRef]
  16. Zechmeister HG, Grodzińska K, Szarek-Łukaszewska G. Chapter 10: Bryophytes. In: B.A. Markert AMB, Zechmeister HG, editors. Trace metals and other contaminants in the environment. Elsevier, 2003, pp. 329–375. [CrossRef]