E3S Web Conf.
Volume 190, 20201st International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Challenge (ICoRER 2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||23 September 2020|
Review of Implementation Life Cycle Assessment for Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in Indonesia
Department of Agricultural Engineering of Syah Kuala University, Jl.Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No.3, Kopelma Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
2 Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN), Kawasan Puspitek Serpong, Tangerang, Banten 15314, Indonesia
3 Department of Agricultural Industry Technology, Serambi Mekkah University, Jl. Unmuha, Batoh, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia
4 Data EPD LCA Indonesia (DELI) Institute, Jl. Lingkar Baru Dramaga Cantik, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
5 Indonesian Renewable Energy Society (METI), Menara MTH Lt, 10 Jalan. MT. Haryono Kav. 23, Center Jakarta 12820, Indonesia
6 Department of Agriculture Science, Postgraduate Program, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl Raya Tlogomas No. 246, Malang 65144, East Java, Indonesia
7 Engineering Department of Marine Technology and Natural Sciences Faculty, Klaipeda University, H. Manto g. 84, Klaipėda 92294, Lithuania, EU
8 Department of Agrotechnology, Merdeka University of Madiun, Jl. Serayu No.79, Madiun 63133, East Java, Indonesia
9 Department of Biotechnology Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jl. Gombak, 53100, Selangor, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Palm oil has benefits for economic and social development in Indonesia. However, palm oil is faced by several environmental problems most of them due to the land conversion from forest to the palm plantation. Therefore, numerous greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental effects also emitted during palm oil and biodiesel production. The life cycle assessment (LCA) method can be used for the evaluation of the palm oil production process impact on the environment as well as for potentially reducing the hotspot. A literature study was used in the identification of the implementation of LCA for biodiesel from palm oil in Indonesia. Study cradle to grave LCA for biodiesel production in Indonesia was still limited. Gate to gate and cradle to gate system boundary was the major boundary system used in the identification of the environmental effect for biodiesel production in Indonesia. However, numerous study has applied that boundary system and various scenario has been proposed in reducing the environmental effect for biodiesel production. Limitation of the LCA boundary for palm oil production is needed to be enhanced as well. Robust life cycle inventory in a wider range (i.e., cradle to grave) will be needed in order to present this industry in a global forum.
Key words: biofuel / clean energy / emission / sustainability / boundary
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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