E3S Web Conf.
Volume 9, 20163rd European Conference on Unsaturated Soils – “E-UNSAT 2016”
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||12 September 2016|
Predicting the volumetric variation due to changes in suction, applied stress and swelling pressure
1 DIPFI, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, 76010, Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, México
2 División de Ingenierías, CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, 44430, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The settlements produced by the load transmitted to the structure on expansive soils, and those calculated by the classical theories of soil mechanics, are different because the swelling pressure acts inversely to the applied stress. In this paper we describe a procedure to determine a volumetric variation coefficient by hydration (αh) which considers the expansive soil behaviour. In order to do this, it is necessary to know the soil’s initial water content, the swelling pressure, and the applied stress. Soil suction and swelling pressure were measured with filter paper technique and a mechanical oedometer, respectively. Unsaturated undisturbed samples of expansive soil were used. The water content was varied, starting from 0%, with increments of 5.5% to reach 38%. Furthermore, we present a set of curves that show the magnitude of the coefficient (αh) associated to a water content, and the relationship between applied stress and swelling pressure. The results show that the variation of the coefficient under different initial water contents ranges between 0% to 22%. This is because water is strongly attracted by clay minerals, but this attraction decreases as water layers are father from the surface of clay minerals, thus decreasing its swelling potential.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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