E3S Web Conf.
Volume 17, 20179th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK 2017
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
The changes in the microstructure of ion-exchanged clays
Kielce University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental, Geomatic and Energy Engineering, Division of Geotechnical and Hydraulic Engineering, av. 1000-lecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Three natural bentonites and their monoionic forms were investigated by the X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). SEM photographs were analysed using the Photoshop CS4 software and the pore parameters were calculated. The parameters were compared to a interplanar spacing d001 value changes between different homoionic forms. The results suggest the connection between the type of exchangeable cation with the structural parameters of the pores and physicomechanical parameters of the soil, therefore the ion exchange method could be used for controlling soil properties corresponding to their suitability for use in the industry.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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