E3S Web Conf.
Volume 21, 2017IInd International Innovative Mining Symposium (Devoted to Russian Federation Year of Environment)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environment Problems in Mining Regions|
|Published online||10 November 2017|
Adaptive Adjustment in Taraxacum Officinale Wigg. in the Conditions of Overburden Dump
1 Institute of Human Ecology of the SB RAS, Leningradskiy avenue, 10, 650065, Kemerovo, Russia
2 Kemerovo State University (KemSU), 73, Sovietskiy pr., 650000, Kemerovo, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Morphological and anatomical features of the leaves and roots of Taraxacum officinale Wigg., growing under the conditions of the rocky dump of the Kedrovsky coal mine of the Kemerovo region, were studied. It was revealed that the specific environmental conditions of the dump cause morphological and anatomical changes in the leaves and roots of the dandelion. At the level of morphology, a decrease in the average leaf area, a thickening of leaf blades, a tendency to decrease the number of leaves in the rosette, a significant decrease in the mass and length of the roots. At the level of the anatomical structure of the leaves, there is a significant increase in the thickness of the mesophyll, a tendency to decrease the thickness of the tissues of the upper and lower epidermis, a decrease in the number of cells in 1 mm2 and an increase in the size of stomata in the tissues of the lower and upper epidermis, a decrease in the number of stomata by 1 mm2 and a stomatal index on the upper epidermis. At the level of the anatomical structure of the roots, the radius of the root decreases, the radius of the cortex and phloem, the diameter of the xylem.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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