E3S Web of Conferences
Volume 24, 2017AG 2017 - 3rd International Conference on Applied Geophysics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Properties of soil, rock and rock mass|
|Published online||20 November 2017|
Petrological features of selected components of the Cergowa sandstones (Outer Carpathians) recorded by scanning electron microscopy – preliminary study
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-261 Krakow, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The scanning electron microscope analysis of the Cergowa sandstones brings new data on their petrological features and chemical composition. Previous work in standard petrographic examination, e.g. polarising (PL) or cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy, displayed limited information on grain surface topography and only assumptions to their geochemistry. Both identification and characterisation of minerals are fundamental in the progress of mining and minerals processing systems. Detrital grains of the Cergowa sandstones are bound by calcite and dolomitic cement and commonly corroded by diagenetic fluids, however, in varying degrees, which is illustrated here by feldspar, quartz and dolomite minerals. Dissolution processes of marginal parts of these mineral grains resulted in corrosion, which increased the contact surface between the grains and the cement. The difference in resistance to these processes was observed not only among distinct groups of minerals, but also within the group of feldspars: between K–feldspars and minerals of plagioclase. That combination resulted in exceptionally strong cementation of the Cergowa sandstones, which is expressed by their high hardness and resistance to abrasion, freezing, and thawing. Inherent parameters of sandstones are characterised by their petrographical properties.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences
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