E3S Web of Conferences
Volume 28, 2018X-th Scientific Conference Air Protection in Theory and Practice
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||10 January 2018|
Factors determining the concentration and chemical composition of particulate matter in the air of selected service facilities
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie St. 34, 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
2 Department of Air Protection, Silesian University of Technology, Center of New Technologies, Konarskiego St. 22B, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The link between increased morbidity and mortality and increasing concentrations of particulate matter (PM) resulted in great attention being paid to the presence and physicochemical properties of PM in closed rooms, where people spends most of their time. The least recognized group of such indoor environments are small service facilities. The aim of this study was to identify factors which determine the concentration, chemical composition and sources of PM in the air of different service facilities: restaurant kitchen, printing office and beauty salon. The average PM concentration measured in the kitchen was 5-fold (PM4, particle fraction ≥ 4 μm) and 5.3-fold (TSP, total PM) greater than the average concentration of these PM fractions over the same period. During the same measurement period in the printing office and in the beauty salon, the mean PM concentration was 10- and 4-fold (PM4) and 8- and 3-fold (TSP) respectively greater than the mean concentration of these PM fractions in outdoor air. In both facilities the main source of PM macro-components, especially organic carbon, were chemicals, which are normally used in such places - solvents, varnishes, paints, etc. The influence of some metals inflow from the outdoor air into indoor environment of those facilities was also recognized.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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