E3S Web Conf.
Volume 34, 2018International Conference on Civil & Environmental Engineering (CENVIRON 2017)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||19 March 2018|
3D resistivity survey for shallow subsurface fault investigations
Geophysics Research Center, Prince of Songkla University, 90112 Hatyai, Songkhla, Thailand
2 Dept. of Physics, Fac. of Science, Prince of Songkla University, 90112 Hatyai, Songkhla, Thailand
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The shallow subsurface is subject to various human activities, and the place of occurrence of geohazards, e.g. shallow active faults. The identification of the location and orientation of such faults can be vital for infrastructure development. The aim of this study was to develop a low-cost 3D resistivity survey system, with reasonable survey time for shallow fault investigations. The study area in Songkhla Province, Thailand is located in an old quarry where faults could be identified in outcrops. The study area was designed to cover the expected fault with 100 electrodes arranged in a 10×10 square grid with an electrode spacing of 3 meters in x and y axis. Each electrode in turn was used as a current and potential electrode using a dipole-dipole array. Field data have been processed and interpreted using 3DResINV. Results, presented in horizontal depth slices and vertical xz- and yz-cross sections, revealed through differences in resistivity down to 8 m depths a complex structural setting with two shallow faults and dipping sedimentary rock layers. In conclusion, this study has shown that a 3D resistivity survey can imagine complex tectonic structures, thus providing a far more insight into the shallow subsurface.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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