E3S Web Conf.
Volume 34, 2018International Conference on Civil & Environmental Engineering (CENVIRON 2017)
|Number of page(s)
|19 March 2018
Biomass Morphology Subjected to Different Chemical Treatment
Civil Engineering Department, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
2 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
3 Chemical Engineering and Energy Sustainability Department, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
4 Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET), Khulna, Bangladesh
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A growing interest of sugarcane bagasse fibre composite has been observed in recent years due to its attractiveness properties such as low specific weight, renewable source and producible with low investment at low cost. However, these materials have a low interfacial adhesion between fibre and matrix which lead to reduction in certain mechanical properties of the composite. To overcome this problem, studies show that certain chemical treatments on the surface of the fibres are some alternatives that significantly increase the adhesion reinforcement/matrix, in some cases improving its mechanical properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different type of chemical treatment which are alkali and acid treatment on sugarcane bagasse fibre surface morphology. Seeking to improve the adhesion fibre matrix, the fibre has been treated with 5% of NaOH and 5% of HCL solution with added of bagasse fibre used in the range of 0% to 3% of cement weight respectively. Through SEM investigation, it is confirmed that chemical treatment helps to remove hemicelluloses from raw bagasse fiber as well as improved fibre matrix adhesion.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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