E3S Web Conf.
Volume 37, 2018The Sixth International Congress “Water, Waste and Environment” (EDE6-2017)
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Application of the Electrical (Geophysical) Method for the Identification of the Sealed Bevel in the Coastal Region of Walidia Province of el Jadida – Morocco
Faculté des Sciences et techniques, Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Béni Méllal, Morocco
The Walidia area knows a great development of agricultural, industrial, maritime activities and a very great demographic expansion. This development is accompanied by a growing demand for water. On the other hand, any intense abstraction of fresh water at a coastal aquifer capture field causes a decrease in groundwater flow and a lowering of the piezometric surface. There is therefore a danger of advancing towards the land of the saltwater bevel and salinization of groundwater which is gradually loaded into mineral salts and can reach abnormally high levels.
This work deals with the application of geophysics by electrical sounding method to the in-depth study of the freshwater-salt water interface (salted bevel) on the one hand and the study of the lateral and vertical evolution of the geometry of the different aquifers.
The principle of the method is, when performing an electrical survey, to research how varies, at a given point on the surface, the resistivity of the subsoil vertically. For this one executes in a same place a succession of measurements, increasing each time the dimensions of the device and thus the depth of investigation which is proportional to them. At this site, we explore a slice of ground increasingly thick and thus highlights the changes in geological constitution along the vertical.
The electrical soundings were carried out with the classic Schlumberger device.
The interpretation and the exploitation of the data of the electric soundings carried out made it possible to :
Follow the evolution of the salted bevel roof,
Draw the upstream limit (marine invasion) of salted bevel Hauterivian, on the one hand, and Valanginian and Jurassic on the other hand,
Follow the roof structure of Dridrat limestone (Hauterivien) and limestones of Valanginien and Upper Jurassic,
Draw the map of the marl roof of Safi (Hauterivian) constituting the impermeable substratum of Dridrat limestones.
Key words: Geophysical prospecting / electrical soundings / groundwater aquifers / saltbee / freshwater / saltwater / piezometric surface / limestones / marls / coastal region of Walidia / El Jadida / Morocco
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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