E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||River morphodynamics and restoration|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Hydrodynamic Simulation of an Irregularly Meandering Gravel-Bed River: Comparison of MIKE 21 FM and Delft3D Flow models
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
2 Planning Engineering in the River Engineering Group - City of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
This study aims at hydrodynamic modelling of Bow River, which passes through the City of Calgary, Canada. Bow River has a mobile gravel bed. Erosion and deposition processes were exacerbated by a catastrophic flood in 2013. Channel banks were eroded at various locations, and large gravel bars formed, which could lead to water level changes and accordingly more flooding. This study investigates the performance of Delft3D-Flow and MIKE 21 FM to simulate the hydrodynamics of the river during the 2013 flood. MIKE 21FM employs unstructured triangular mesh while Delft3D-Flow model uses curvilinear structured grids. Performance of each model was evaluated by the available historical water levels. The results of this study demonstrated that, with approximately the same averaged grid resolution, MIKE 21 FM resulted in more accurate results with a higher computational cost compared to the Delft3DFlow model. It was shown that Delft3D-Flow model may require higher grid cell resolution to result in comparably same depth-averaged velocities throughout the study area. However, considering the balance between the computational cost and the accuracy of the results, both models were capable to adequately replicate the hydrodynamics of the river during the 2013 flood. Results of statistical KS and ANOVA test analysis showed that the model predictions were sensitive to the horizontal eddy viscosity and the Manning roughness. This confirms the necessity of an appropriate calibration of the generated numerical models. The findings of this study shed light on the Bow River flood modelling, which can guide flood management.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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