E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||River morphodynamics and restoration|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Numerical simulation of bedload tracer transport associated with sand bar formation, bank erosion, and channel migration
Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Region, 1-34 Hiragishi 1-jo 3-chome, Toyohira-ku, Sapporo, Japan
An understanding of bedload transport processes is an essential research goal for better prediction of river morphology and morphodynamics as well as the transport and fate of sediment-bound materials in river systems. Passive tracer particles have been used widely to monitor bedload transport processes in rivers by measuring the spatiotemporal distribution of the bedload tracers. Here, we propose a numerical model for reproducing the transport of bedload tracers in river systems, more specifically, the behaviours of bedload tracers under the influence of complex river morphodynamics. A two-dimensional morphodynamic model is combined with a flux-based bedload tracer model with use of the active layer approach. The model is applied to a laboratory experiment that demonstrates the transport processes within the channel of bedload tracers supplied from the floodplain. The numerical model effectively reproduces the main features of the experiment, namely, the bedload tracers supplied from the floodplain due to bank erosion deposit onto sand bars developed within the channel. Because the sand bars cause a very long residence time of the bedload tracers within the bed, the transport speed of the tracers is slowed significantly under the influence of bar formation and channel migration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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