E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Hydraulic structures and their effects on bed, flow regime and ecology|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Equilibrium scour morphology downstream of rock sills under unsteady flow conditions
DESTEC-Department of Energy, Systems, Territory and Construction Engineering, 56122 Pisa, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present study aims to analyze the equilibrium scour morphology occurring downstream of rock-made sills with different shapes, under different inflow conditions. Namely, experimental tests were conducted under both steady and unsteady flow conditions. In this last case, the peak discharge was kept the same as the respective base tests performed for steady flow conditions. The scour evolution was carefully monitored, as well as the main characteristic lengths of the scour hole (e.g., maximum scour depth and axial length). The inflow discharge characteristics were varied, i.e., the maximum peak discharge was reached by adopting different hydrographs, in order to test their influence on the equilibrium morphology. Experimental results showed significant similitudes in terms of equilibrium scour morphology between steady and unsteady flow conditions when the hydrograph duration is enough long. The results of the present study can be useful for a correct design of such structure typology in usual applications.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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