E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Turbulent flow dynamics and mass transport processes in a natural surface storage zone using field data and numerical simulations
Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
2 Departament of Ecosystems and Environments, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
3 LMFA, INSA de Lyon, France
In this work, the turbulent flow dynamics and mass transport mechanisms in a natural SSZis analyzed. The study site is a river reach of the Lluta River, located in northern Chile in a high-altitude Andean environment known as the Altiplano (~ 4,000 masl) The large-scale turbulent coherent structures are characterized using field measurements and 3D numerical simulations. The detailed topography was measured through DGPS and digital image processing while the surface velocity field, through the LSPIV technique. Regarding the field data, numerical simulations were performed using a DES turbulence model coupled with a 3D passive scalar transport model for Re = 45,800. The coherent structure dynamics in the shear layer was identified as the main mechanism that drives the mass and momentum transport processes between the SSZ and the main channel. Also, the 2D vortical structures of the mean flow are analyzed within the lateral cavity, since they have a strong influence in mass transport, increasing mean residence times due to their lower velocities and longer exchange timescales. Finally, the performance of two simplified transport models is analyzed to represent the mass transport dynamics at larger scales.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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