E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Depth-averaged velocity and bed shear stress in unsteady open channel flow over rough bed
Civil Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, 769008, Odisha, India
2 Irstea, UR RiverLy, centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, 5 rue de la Doua CS 20244, 69625 Villeurbanne, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Very few studies have been carried out in the past in estimating depth-averaged velocity and bed shear stress in unsteady flow over rough beds. An experiment is thus conducted to investigate the vertical and lateral velocity profiles under unsteady flow conditions in a rough open channel for various flow depths. One hydrogram is repeatedly passed through the rectangular flume with a fixed rigid grass bed. Using micro Pitot tube and Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV), the flow patterns are investigated at both lateral and longitudinal positions over different cross-sections. For two typical flow depths, the velocities in both the rising limb and falling limb are observed. Hysteresis effect between stage-discharge (h ~ Q) rating curve between rising and falling limbs is illustrated. Lateral distribution of depth-averaged velocity and bed shear stress are plotted at three different cross sections and compared with the steady flow conditions. In falling limb of an unsteady flow case, both depth-averaged velocity and bed shear stress distribution in the central region is higher than that of steady flow case. However, in the rising limb, the bed shear stress of unsteady flow is less than that of steady flow case. Further, in an unsteady flow, the magnitude of depth-averaged velocity is found to increase towards the downstream sections. Along the downstream positions, bed shear stress values increase for lower flow depths and decrease for higher flow depth cases.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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