E3S Web Conf.
Volume 42, 2018ASTECHNOVA 2016 International Energy Conference
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||29 June 2018|
Anti Surge Control of Centrifugal Compressor at PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2 Field Pendopo
Department of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta,
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gas Compression Package (GCP) is a vital system in the distribution of gas. Pertamina EP, in this regard as a state-owned company managing oil and gas on the upstream, is in the project phase of purchasing and installing compressor facilities. GCPs are used to increase gas pressure hence it can be transferred from gas wells to industrial areas. Dynamic analysis becomes important to observe the performance of the compressor and to ensure safety during operation, in order to avoid surge phenomenon. Surge is an undesirable phenomenon in the form of a backward flow of gas. The surge may damage the internal components of a centrifugal compressor, hence needs to be prevented from happening. The anti-surge controller manipulates anti-surge valve to give actions in the recycle lines when a surge occurred. PID controller is used for controlling and stabilizing the system. PID tuning is determined using Auto Tuning Variation method. This method is based on the process frequency response from relay oscillations. After the dynamic model of the plant had been developed, some simulations were carried out with various scenarios. The scenarios were based on a variety of issues that may occur in a gas compression system. The applied scenarios were a decrease in flow rate on the input side, a pressure drop in gas wells, and changes in gas composition. The control configuration of gas compression system was designed and modified in order to compensate disturbances and avoid surge phenomenon.
Key words: anti-surge / centrifugal compressor / dynamic simulation / PID controller
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2018
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