E3S Web Conf.
Volume 43, 2018ASTECHNOVA 2017 International Energy Conference
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||29 June 2018|
Longitudinal and Shear Wave Velocities Measurement in Compacted Bentonite for Water Content
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan
2 Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Bentonite is a good candidate of buffer material for disposal repository of high-level radioactive waste. Understanding groundwater behavior in bentonite buffer material is important in order to evaluate the bentonite buffer performance and guarantee long-term safety. Elastic constants of the bentonite buffer material are important parameters for the long-term safety. Water content in buffer material may have an influence on its elastic properties. For this reason, the monitoring system of the water saturation level in compacted bentonite is required. In this study, the ultrasonic velocity measurement method for evaluation of water content in compacted bentonite was proposed. At first, the effect of a degree of saturation in compacted bentonite on the longitudinal and shear wave velocities was investigated experimentally. In addition, the elastic property, bulk modulus, in unsaturated compacted bentonite were evaluated by ultrasonic velocities. As a result, it can be confirmed that ultrasonic velocities can evaluate a degree of saturation and bulk modulus of compacted bentonite.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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