E3S Web Conf.
Volume 44, 201810th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||03 July 2018|
The snowmelt as a critical period for the quality of surface water in the agricultural catchment
Bialystok University of Technology, Department of Environmental Protection and Management, 45E Wiejska Street, 15-351, Poland
* Corresponding author : email@example.com
The research on the quality of the water of a small watercourse was conducted in the agricultural catchment in north-eastern Poland. The water quality was analyzed in the hydrological year and in the period of increased discharge, which in these hydro-meteorological conditions occurs in the snowmelt period. Nutrients get from agricultural land to surface water during the snowmelt or precipitation period. Therefore, the chemical composition of the water of the studied watercourse was subject to intense seasonal fluctuations. The concentration of nitrates, phosphates and ammonium ions increased with discharge. The snowmelt lasted for several days. However, as research has shown, this is a critical period for the quality of surface water in the agricultural landscape. During this period, the water of a small watercourse transported about 36% of annual nitrate load, over 45% of phosphate load and as much as 66% of ammonium ions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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