E3S Web Conf.
Volume 45, 2018VI International Conference of Science and Technology INFRAEKO 2018 Modern Cities. Infrastructure and Environment
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||30 July 2018|
The use of photovoltaics and electric vehicles for electricity peak shaving in office buildings
AGH University, Faculty of Management, Department of Engineering Management, 30 Mickiewicza Ave., 30-059, Kraków, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The use of electric vehicles and photovoltaics is perceived as a viable option to reduce the human impact on the natural environment. This paper investigates the opportunity of managing a fleet of EVs along with PV installation in such a manner that shaves the peak load in an office building. The simulation used hourly load data representative for a small office building located in Cracow (Poland). For the same location hourly irradiation data was obtained. A deterministic model was created and implemented in MS Excel software. The study showed that 30 kW installed capacity in photovoltaics can reduce the observed peak load by 36% (from 19.8 kW to 14.52 kW) in a building consuming on an annual basis 54.7 MWh of electricity. Additionally, an appropriate management of the charging process of electric vehicles can increase the energy from photovoltaics self-consumption and level the observed energy demand in normal office building operating hours.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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