E3S Web Conf.
Volume 45, 2018VI International Conference of Science and Technology INFRAEKO 2018 Modern Cities. Infrastructure and Environment
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||30 July 2018|
Analysis of the heat and smoke release rate of selected undergrowth types
Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, The Main School of Fire Service in Warsaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper presents the results of tests conducted regarding the flammability and heat release rate (HRR) of selected forest leaf litter under the impact of assumed flux density taking place in fire conditions. Litter samples for testing needs were collected from places characterised by similar biotope parameters. They were collected from 4 types of tree stands: from a cluster of pine trees, beech trees, spruce trees and oak trees. The highest HRRmax values were obtained during the testing of the spruce litter sample at a thermal exposure of 50 kW/m2. This suggests, that as compared to the remaining litter types being tested, this litter released the greatest amount of heat in the given time unit and has an evident impact on the rate and magnitude of a forest fire and in an indirect way on the ignition of subsequent leaf litter in adjacent forest zones.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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