E3S Web Conf.
Volume 47, 20182nd Scientific Communication in Fisheries and Marine Sciences (SCiFiMaS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Areas and Conservation|
|Published online||01 August 2018|
Pressures and Status of Seagrass Ecosystem in the Coastal Areas of North Bintan, Indonesia
Marine Science Departement,Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Raja Ali Haji Maritime University, Jl. Politeknik Senggarang 29111 Tanjungpinang
2 Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
* Corresponding author, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study investigates the status and anthropogenic pressures on seagrass ecosystem. Urbanization and tourism in the coastal areas of Bintan, Indonesia were increasing in the recent years. They have become new pressures to intertidal ecosystem and habitats, particularly seagrass ecosystem. Seagrass meadows are the important ecosystem and habitats in Bintan region. They provide a wide range of ecosystem services, including for small-scale fisheries and have being Dugongs (Dugong dugon) habitats for food. Currently, the sea grass status is less healthy or damaged with 11 species. The anthropogenic disturbance processes have affected the spatial distribution, percent coverage, biodiversity, and community structure of sea grass. Moreover, several species are hard to find. Directly, sea grass meadows are impacted by introduced coastal development (i.e. settlement area, tourism accommodation, port, etc.), land-based pollution, reclamation, boating traffic, dredging activities and tourism activities. Sea grass conservation area and marine spatial planning based on the land- and seascape connectivity is important for conservation efforts and sustainable management of sea grass.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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