E3S Web Conf.
Volume 55, 2018XXIIIrd Autumn School of Geodesy
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||21 September 2018|
Application of observations of recent tectonic activity in the Świebodzice Depression (the Sudetes, SW Poland) in assessing seismic hazard in the Fore-Sudetic Monocline
Polish Academy of Sciences, Space Research Centre, 18A Bartycka St., 00-716 Warszawa, Poland
2 Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geoengineering, Mining and Geology, 27 Wyb. Wyspiańskiego St., 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tiltmeter observations with application of horizontal pendulums have been carried out for 40 years in the Geodynamic Laboratory in Książ. Long-term observations have not indicated any correlation of these data with meteorological or seasonal phenomena. Following an epoch of fast azimuth changes, a gradual compensation process took place, excluding the effect of gravitational creep of the rock massif. An assumption was made that the observed large changes of the equilibrium azimuths of the horizontal pendulums that result from tectonic tilt of the foundation blocks. Multiannual tiltmeter observations allowed to determine the temporal characteristics and amplitude tectonic effects. Intervals of strong tectonic activity in the rock massif of the Świebodzice Depression last from several days to over ten weeks and are separated by several tens of hours of low activity. Amplitude of the rock massif deformation reaches values from over ten to several tens of amplitudes of the tidal signal, i.e. up to several hundreds of micrometres. Water-tube tiltmeters (WT) launched in 2003 have confirmed the characteristics of tectonic effects and their incidental occurrence. Beside the tilt effects, WT have enabled to confirm vertical movement of the foundation blocks. Geological investigations in the Świebodzice Depression have indicated the presence of a numerous faults separating particular blocks in the rock massif. The presence of this fault system favours the dislocation of foundation blocks, which results in a quake-less relaxation of tectonic stresses and absence lack of seismic activity in the Świebodzice Depression. Foundation blocks separated by faults combined with the multiscale measurement system of WTs form a natural detector of regional tectonic activity, allowing to determine with micrometric resolution the representative function of tectonic activity in the rock massif of the Świebodzice Depression.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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