E3S Web Conf.
Volume 56, 2018VII International Scientific Conference “Problems of Complex Development of Georesources” (PCDG 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geomechanical Problems of Development of Subsoil|
|Published online||26 September 2018|
Nonlocal Criteria for Brittle and Quasi-Brittle Fracture of Geomaterials and Rocks
Mining Institute of the North, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Nonlocal criteria are used for prediction materials and rock mass failure near stress concentrations (pores, faults, openings, excavations). A common property of nonlocal fracture criteria is the introduction of the intrinsic material length characterizing its microstructure, which allows one to describe the size effect in conditions of stress concentration. At the same time the scope of their application is limited to cases of brittle or quasi-brittle fracture with a small fracture process zone. To expand the scope of the criteria for cases of fracture with a developed fracture process zone, it is proposed to abandon the hypothesis of the size of this zone as a material constant, associated only with the material structure. New fracture criteria are proposed, which are the development of the average stress criterion, and point stress criterion, and which contain a complex parameter that characterizes the size of the fracture process zone and accounts not only for the material structure, but also plastic properties of the material, geometry of the sample, and its loading conditions. Expressions are obtained for the critical pressure in the problem of the formation of tensile cracks under compression in the samples of geomaterials with a circular hole. The calculation results are in good agreement with the experimental data on the fracture of drilled gypsum plates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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